What Is the Difference Between Corporation and Incorporation?

What Is the Difference Between Corporation and Incorporation?

Legal & Compliance

Vakilsearch Staff

Vakilsearch Staff

7 week ago — 8 min read

Corporation and Incorporation are both business terms that refer to types of businesses with different legal structures. While incorporation is an official process that details how an individual business will operate, a corporation is a name given to a specific type of business structure in which company shareholders are also owners of that company. You may also need to incorporate in order for your business to receive certain benefits or meet requirements for various licensing procedures.


What Is Incorporation?

Incorporation is the process of creating a new company. When you incorporate, you are legally required to create bylaws that outline the responsibilities of company shareholders and directors. For example, bylaws may detail how shareholders can transfer shares or how directors can appoint new board members. Incorporation is a very important step because it establishes the legal framework for your business. It’s also an inexpensive and quick way to establish your company as official. If you decide to register your company in the state of California, for example, you can file all incorporation paperwork online with just a few clicks! This is available 24/7 and can be done in less than five minutes. Additionally, incorporating allows your business to receive certain benefits such as liability protection from personal assets or tax deductions on corporate income. You should consult with a lawyer before incorporating if this process is necessary for your specific circumstances.


What Is a Corporation?

A corporation is a business setup in which the company shareholders are also owners of the company. The corporation is made up of many individual shareholders who own shares and have voting rights. A board of directors, who are elected by the shareholders, oversees the running of the company. The corporation can be thought of as a separate entity from those who own it, but the distinction between that separation and reality can sometimes blur. Corporations can also have subsidiaries that help them with specific tasks, such as manufacturing or distribution.


Key Differences Between Corporation and Incorporation

  • Incorporation is a process that details how an individual business will operate, whereas corporations are the name given to a specific type of business structure in which company shareholders are also owners of that company
  • Incorporation is typically required for a new business before it can operate, but not always. Corporations don’t require incorporation before operating
  • Corporations are usually taxed as C or S corporations, while only some types of corporations can be taxed this way. – Incorporation is generally easier and faster than establishing a corporation
  • Although it does have its paperwork burden – corporations must follow stricter and more complex guidelines than most other businesses.


Difference Between Corporation and Incorporation

Corporation Incorporation
Abbreviated as CORP Refers to legally registering a company as a corporation
Can be Educational, Business, Private sector/Government Organisations, or any institution type Offers several advantages for a new business, including limited liability
Use ‘corp’ in all legal structures Provides protection for personal assets against legal problems such as Taxes, Funds, Credits, Ownerships, etc.
Directors and top officers invest in purchasing shares Has its tax policies under its products
Becoming a corporation helps in getting funds from various organizations to make shareholders Varies from country to country based on the rules & regulations that particular regions follow


Pros and Cons of Incorporation

There are many benefits to incorporating your business:

  • Incorporation offers the opportunity to operate as a legal entity separate from the owner, which means that income and losses are not attributed back to the individual
  • This is an attractive option for those starting their own company or those who have recently been laid off and may be looking for a way to protect their personal assets
  • Additionally, incorporation may offer certain tax advantages that are not available for unincorporated businesses
  • On the other hand, incorporation can be expensive and time-consuming, as you will need to form an initial paperwork package with the state in which you reside to register your business as an official corporation
  • There are also certain requirements regarding shareholder meetings and annual reports that must be filed with the government
  • Finally, there’s more risk included with being incorporated and owning shares in your company because you’ll be legally liable for any debts or lawsuits incurred by the company on behalf of its shareholders.

Pros and Cons of a Corporation

  • Many people choose to form a corporation to limit their liability
  • A corporation is considered a separate entity from the shareholders, and as such, the shareholders are not liable for any debts incurred by the company
  • This is helpful for people who do not want to be personally liable for any debts or damages that may arise from their business
  • However, there are some disadvantages to forming a corporation
  • One disadvantage is that it requires more paperwork and fees than incorporating
  • Additionally, corporations have stricter requirements for meeting certain tax obligations, filing reports and keeping records
  • There are also advantages to incorporating your business instead of forming a corporation
  • Incorporating your business allows you to operate without restrictions on where you conduct business or what type of business activities you pursue
  • Additionally, if your company exceeds $5 million in annual revenue, it will be required to file taxes as an S-Corporation or C-Corporation under federal law
  • If you incorporate before this threshold is met then there are no federal tax requirements associated with incorporation until your revenue increases above that amount
  • The downside of incorporation is that it creates personal liability for the shareholder which can lead to increased exposure if something were to go wrong with your company
  • It’s important to think about these pros and cons carefully when deciding which option would be best for your company.


Incorporation is the process of registering your company with the state and typically includes the following: To start the process of incorporating, you will need to choose a name for your company, prepare articles of incorporation, and file the paperwork with the state. If you have already registered a fictitious name, you will need to terminate that name. Incorporating in your state is not required by law.


Also read: What Are the Legal Issues With ChatGPT? – ChatGPT in Practice

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Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views, official policy or position of GlobalLinker.


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